Country: Russia

Area: 2,510 km2

Population: 11,510,097 inhabitants

Climate: humid continental climate

Mayor: Sergei Sobyanin


Moscow (pronounsed as Moskva) is a capital of Russia, which was first mentioned in 1147. Moscow is political, economic and cultural center of Russia. The city of Moscow gradually grew around the Moscow Kremlin, beginning in the 14th century. It was the capital of Great Russia, also known as Muscovy, from 1340 to 1712, the capital of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1991, and since 1991 of the Russian Federation.


Moscow has a humid continental climate with warm (sometimes hot in the middle) somewhat humid summers, and long, rather cold winters, but during all the year weather can be very unstable with temperature changes in the range of −25 °C (−13 °F) up to above zero and back in the winter and from +30 °C (86 °F) to +15 °C (59 °F) and back in summer for 1–2 days. Typical high temperatures in the warm months of June, July and August are around a comfortable +20 °C (68 °F)... +26 °C (79 °F), but during heat waves (which can occur between May and September), daytime high temperatures often top +30 °C (86 °F) - sometimes for a week or a two at a time. The highest temperature ever recorded was +38.2°C (100.76 °F) at the VVC weather station and +39.0 °C (102.20 °F) in the center of Moscow and Domodedovo airport on July 29, 2010.

City layout

Moscow is situated on the banks of Moscow River, which flows for just over 500 km through the East European Plain in central Russia. 49 bridges span the river and its canals within the city's limits.

Moscow road system is constructed by the principle of concentric circles with rays outgoing from the centre.


Moscow has been being constructed for several centuries and many new beautiful buildings are created nowadays. That’s why you can find a lot of different architectural styles in Moscow: classicism, barocco, modern etc.

Free time in Moscow

If you want to spend you spare time in Moscow you have a lot of different variants of places that you can visit: theaters, museums, art galleries, parks and museums.

If you are interested in theatre you have a gigantic choice of different drama, opera and ballet theatres such as Bolshoi Theatre, Theatre of Satire, Vakhtangov’s Theatre and The Moscow Art Theatre.

People who are keen on painting you can go to Tretyakov gallery where you will differently enjoy world-known paintings: for example, "Bogatyrs" by Victor Vasnetsov, "Ivan the Terrible and his son Ivan", 16 November 1581 by Ilya Repin and "Black Supermatic Square" by Kazimir Malevich.

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